Religion of Georgia - what official religion in Georgia
Posted On 20.02.2021
Religion of Georgia
Journey to another country is a very exciting event: you can see new places, learn another culture and life, make friends and just pleasant dating. All resorts of Georgia are welcome guests. But each country has its own rules and foundations with whom it is advisable to get acquainted in advance.
One of the sharp questions is religion. To avoid conflicts based on religious grounds, you need to know the features of the religion of the country into which they are heading.
Georgia is a multicultural country. Her story is extremely saturated with events, which undoubtedly affected culture and religion.
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The history of the formation of the main religion in Georgia
In 337 (according to other data - in 326th), Georgia adopted Christianity and is still a Christian state. The first chambers of Christianity in Georgia brought with him the wanderer-apostle Andrei was the first called, he later began to be worshiped by the founder and heavenly patron saint of the Constantinople Orthodox Church.
At the base of Christian faith in Georgia, the apostles Simon and Matthew also participated. In Batumi, the grave of the apostle Matthew is located on the territory of the Gonio-Apzarovsk Fortress.
Gonio Fortress in Batumi
One of the most important personalities for Christian Georgia is Holy Nino. She was a slave from Capadoki and preached Christianity. A bright example of its activity is the healing of a patient with a prayer.
This incredible miracle soon became known to the Georgian Queen Nane, who was also sick. Holy Nino healed her, after which the queen became a Christian.
Holy Equal-Apostles Nina, Georgian Enlightenment
In the 6th century, several monasteries were built in Georgian cities and districts of Kartli, Kakheti, the Seditions, Alaverdi, which formed holy fathers from Antioch. It became grain that faded firmly and spread Christianity throughout Georgia.
Interesting Facts and Religious Holidays of Christian Georgia
One of the religious attractions of Georgia is the Church of Svetitzhovili, which means "Living Pillar", it is located in the city of Mtskheta.
A feature of this place is an incredible prehistory. It all started with the fact that Chiton Christ bought in Jerusalem, and brought him home, to the city of Mtzhetu. When Hiton was in his arms at his sister, she died from an excess of feelings. However, even after death, Hiton was impossible to withdraw from the hands of a woman, since she squeezed him firmly. Therefore, I had to bury a woman with a shrine.
Famous Temple on Mount - Jari
After a while, the cedar grew up on the grave, who later cut down to build a church. And from the tree they made a column, but it was not possible to install it in place, as she batted in the air.
To settle the situation was only the Holy Nino with the help of prayer. So the wonderful Church of Svetitskhovyli was formed. October 14 is a holiday in honor of the "Mironos Lord Pipple and the Rhine of the Lord." There is another legend about Svetitzheli, which can be found here.
Not far from the church of Svetitzhoveli is the Temple of Jvari. He stands on the hillow, where at one time the Holy Nino set the first Christian cross from the grape vines associated with her own hair.
There are also other religious attractions of Georgia, scattered throughout the country. For a more detailed consideration of the glorified holies of Georgia, there are special excursions and tours.
The formation of Christianity in Georgia proceeded is not easy. Christians, as in any other country, were persecuted.
So, in 1226, an act of self-sacrifice occurred, the scale of which do not know comparison so far. 100,000 people accepted a martyrdom, refusing to fulfill the order of Khorezmshaha Jalaletdin - to desecrate the holy icons collected on the bridge. During this period, children, old men and women were executed. The memory of these people is honored on October 31.
The memory of Holy Nino is honored January 14 and May 19 - these holidays are considered holys for the Georgian Church. The remaining Christian holidays are celebrated in the generally accepted dates: January 7 - Christmas, January 19 - Baptism, etc.
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Other official religions in Georgia
Despite the fact that the main religion of Georgia is Christianity, the many holy attractions belonging to other religious flows are scattered throughout its territory. These include Muslim mosques and communities, Jewish synagogues and Catholic churches.
Cathedral of the Vellaner Icon of the Mother of God
The official religion of Georgia is Christianity, but the country's parliament adopted amendments to the Code, allowing us to fully exist any religious flows and organizations that have official status.
In Tbilisi, there is an area of Maidan, which is also called the area of five churches - on one penchant, the Orthodox Temple, the Armenian Church, the Catholic Cathedral, the Synagogue and the Mosque are located.
For other religions, Georgians are respectable. There are quite a lot of Muslims. Some of the Abkhaz, as well as the Georgians of the Southern and South-Western regions (Adjara, etc.), we are confessing the Islam of the Sunni sense. Azerbaijanis, too, Muslims. Armenians, Greeks and Russians have their own churches.
After that, the composition of believers in Georgia was distributed as follows:
Orthodoxy - 65% of the total population.
Catholicism - 2%.
Islam - 10%.
Judaism, atheism and other flows occupy the remaining part.
One of the spiritual symbols of modern Georgia - Svetitsky
One of the versions of the time during a tourist trip to Georgia can be a tour of holy places. After all, the religious history of Georgia is full of interesting and amazing events that deserve attention and will be interesting not only to representatives of the Christian course, but also to people who preach other religions.
Religions of Georgia, like the people themselves living here, are diverse. Despite the fact that representatives of different denominations, upholstered on one territory, honor different traditions and belong to ethnically different cultures, they still learned to coexist in peace and harmony with each other.
History of religions
Most Georgians consider themselves Orthodox. However, few people know that this country has become the second in the world, where Christianity received the status of state religion.
And although the Orthodox community of the country is the most numerous, it is impossible not to note the presence of representatives of other religions on this land: Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, Judaism and others. Their appearance on the territory of the country is due to numerous historical events that lead to the emergence of carriers of various religions.
Religious composition of the population
About 40 religious organizations operate in the country. Let's talk more about the main ones, including Orthodox. Consider the history of their appearance on the territory of Georgia, the main features and shrines.
The Orthodox community of Georgia is represented by the Georgian Apostolic Autochetal Church, which takes 6th place among Slavic local churches for the number of adherents. It owns more than 3 million Georgians. At the head of the church is the Patriarch (Catholicos) - Archbishop Mtskhetsky and Tbilisi Elijah.
The history of the adoption of Christianity in Georgia goes its roots to the apostolic times. Then to preach in Ieria in the lot fell out of the Mother of God. But Christ commanded her to send it instead of his apostle Andrei and the First Called and give him his delicious image on the road. What was done. Later on the territory of Georgia also preached the apostles Matthew, Faddia, Bartholomew and Simon Canonit.
Tsar Farsman I, not being a Christian, began the first persecution of believers in the country. This led to some decline of faith. But after two and a half century, the Holy Nina, who came to the venue of God's mother, turned into Christianity at first Queen Nanu, and then King Miriana. Due to this, Georgia was harmful and delivered it from paganism.
In 609, the Georgian Church adopted the Resolution of the Chalkidon Cathedral of Two Natures in Christ, thereby separating from the Monophimita Armenia. And in the 9th century, with Tsar, Vakhtanga I received an automakefali from Antioch.
A lot of tests had to be survived by Orthodox, protecting the faith of the Georgian people first from fireprokelons of Sassonides, and then during the period of Turkish conquests in the 16-18 centuries from Muslim rulers.
A few cases are known when Georgians of Christians massively professed their faith and took the martyrdom. For example, in the 17th century, residents of Tbilisi refused to fulfill the order of the Persian Shah to go through the Cross of Holy Nina, thrown on the bridge across the Kuru River. As a result, 100 thousand people were executed by Shah. Such an example of the protection of Orthodox Georgians of their country's religion is worthy of respect.
From 1811 to 1917 The Georgian Orthodox Church had the status of the Georgian Exarchate of the ROC (the Russian Orthodox Church), and on the eve of the Russian revolution, she again was proclaimed autocephal.
Until recently, the Orthodox Church of Georgia was legally endowed with privileges in front of other confessions, but since 2011, all the country's religious organizations were equalized.
Shrines and temples of Georgia
Speaking about Orthodox Georgia, it is impossible not to mention the shrines stored here:
The first and earliest shrine by the date of appearance is Svetitzhovelli (life-giving pillar) - the temple of the 12 apostles in the city of Mtskheta. In pristine form, the construction has existed since 1010. In addition to the most lively pillar and Hiton, the Lord, there are several more Christian relics in the temple, the first of which is the cloak of the Holy Prophet Elijah. Here the particles of the relics of St. ap. Andrei, a cross with a part of the life-giving Cross of the Lord and Baptistery, in which King Mirian was baptized.
Cammina Camp Samebe - Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Tbilisi. Back in the 17th century, the Armenian chase shekens Bibut bought the land here, built the temple of the Virgin and laid the cemetery around him. During the time of the USSR, on the order of Beria, this place was deed and destroyed. In 1989, the idea of the restoration of the temple arose. The collapse of the USSR and the war in Georgia in 1992 did not immediately start construction. To lay the first stone in the foundation of the temple was only on November 23, 1995. Today, Tsminda Samebe is one of the largest Orthodox churches in the world. Its height is more than a hundred meters, and the area is about 5,000 square meters, another 40 meters the building goes deep into the hill. In the cathedral 13 of the throne, several of them are located underground. On the territory of the complex there are monastery, bell tower, 9 chapels, seminary, Patriarch residence, hotel and park. The scope and beauty of this grand construct is striking. The floor and the altar laid out marble tiles with mosaic patterns, the walls are covered with frescoes. Part of the icons in the temple is written by the Catholicos themselves II. The main shrines stored here are a huge handwritten Bible and the icon "Nadezhda Georgia". The image, like the cathedral itself, is huge. Its size is three meters in height, and the same in the width. The center shows God's Mother, surrounded by almost four hundreds of Georgian saints.
Javar Monastery is another significant building of the country. According to legend, it was at this place of Holy Nina that a huge cross was installed in honor of the acquisition of Christianity angel, which is today and is the main shrine of Jvari.
Women's monastery in Bodbe. The abode is famous for the fact that Holy Equal-Apostles Nina lived and was buried. Later over her grave, the temple was erected around which the monastery was grown. And the power of his holy patroness is resting immediately under proud, as he wanted sv. Nina.
Another Orthodox shrine of Georgia is the Cross of Holy Nina, who was granted to her by God's mother when blessing to the apostolic feat.
On the territory of the country, Islam first appears in 645 together with the invasion of Arabs. But Muslim takes a small amount of Georgians. Later, the acting power of the Emirates weakens, and Islam comes into decay. In the 15th century, Western Georgia moves to the Ottoman Empire, and the eastern part of the country is under the rule of Persians at this time. There is an active Islamization of the population, which ends only after the convergence of Georgia with Russia.
Today, the number of Muslims in Georgia is about 400 thousand people, which brings this denomination to the 2nd place among Georgian churches.
There are about 200 mosques in the country, which are mainly in Adjara. As for Tbilisi, there is only one acting Jumma Mosque in the capital (i.e. Friday), built in 1864. Here, the Sunni and Shiites pray together, despite the differences and many years of opposition to these two flows.
Another mosque is in Batumi, she is also the only one in the city. Orta Jama built in 1866 between two other Muslim temples, which were later destroyed and rebuilt. When a mosque has a school, where students study history, Islam and Quran.
The first Jews came to Georgia after the conquest of Jerusalem Novokudonosor. In addition, the Jewish population of Byzantia of Armenia, Turkey, Russia migrated in at times here. According to historians, it was in connection with the arrival of the Jews, the country received the name of Events.
In the 4th century, Jews began to take Christianity together with the indigenous population, which led to a decrease in their number. The main difference of Georgian Jews is that the ghetto never existed here.
Today, about 1300 Jews live here. The capital has a Jewish school, certified by the Ministry of Education of Georgia.
Among the 19 acting Jewish shrines, the most beautiful is the synagogue in the city they. She was erected in 1895. During the years of Soviet power, the synagogue was to be closed, but the local population (including the Orthodox) fell on its protection. The shrine was saved.
Catholicism in Georgia professes less than one percent of the population. This branch of Christianity is represented here by the Roman Catholic and Armenian Catholic churches.
The first Roman missionaries were sent to Georgia in 1240 by the Pope Gregory IX. Up to this point, the country, although in contact with Rome, but to a small extent. In 1318, the first Tbilisi diocese was already organized here.
The main Catholic church of the country is a cathedral in Tbilisi in honor of the Ascension of the Most Holy Virgin.
The permit on its construction was obtained by the Catholics of the capital only in 1804. The cathedral was erected, and later rebuilt and expanded. During the years of Soviet power, it was closed. Worship in it managed to resume only in 1999 after re-consecrated by Pontiff John Pavl II.
The main Protestant destinations in the country are: Adventists, Lutherans and Baptists. According to the 2014 census, there are about 2.5 thousand believers of various branches of Protestantism in the country. Luthera-immigrants from Germany appeared here. Then Adventists, Baptists and Pentecostals arrived. In the 2000s, the number of Lutheran has decreased to 800 people.
Believers of other religions
In addition to traditional Protestantism, representatives of neopostestantism also operate in the country. "Jehovah's Witnesses" differ quite large quantities (12 thousand) believers from other churches of this direction. The Georgian Evangelical Protestant Church, the NovoPostol Church, the army of salvation, etc. also operate here.
The Armenian-Apostolic Church occupies a special place among Georgian churches. After the adoption by the Georgian Church of the decision of the Chalkidon Cathedral, it was separated from the Armenian Church. The latter continued its existence on the territory of Georgia. Its adherents are about 110 thousand people, which makes it the third largest in the country.
Georgia is traditionally considered one of the most religious countries in the world, however, according to the 2014 census, almost 63 thousand people did not attribute themselves to any religious organization.
Atheists are increasingly found in cities whose population is less religious than rural. Among them are mainly Azerbaijanis who have fallen into the country during the existence of the USSR and subsequently settled here.
The percentage of prefigation of Georgia
2014 data indicate the following population distribution by confessions:
Orthodoxy - 83.41%;
Islam - 10.74%;
Armenian-apostolic church - 2.94%;
Catholicism - 0.52%;
Jehovah's Witnesses - 0.33%;
Ezidism - 0.23%;
Protestantism is about 0.07%;
Judaism - about 0.04;%
The religious affiliation did not answer or did not indicate - 1.70%.
In total, about 40 religious organizations were recorded in the country.
Main Church Holidays Georgians
Since Orthodoxy in the country is a state religion, a number of church holidays also have state status:
Easter and christmas of Christ;
Svetitskovoba - a holiday in honor of the found of Hiton of the Lord and the phenomenon of a life-giving post (celebrated on October 14);
Ninooba is a holiday in honor of arrival in Georgia Saint Nina (celebrated on June 1);
Tamaroba - a holiday in honor of the Tamara queen, who led Georgia to prosperity (celebrated on May 14);
St. George's Day is celebrated in honor of the patron saint of Georgia, a relative of Holy Nina (celebrated on November 23).
The emergence of writing, culture and architecture of the country, family values and moral ideals - all this is inextricably binds Georgians with Orthodoxy. According to social surveys, 70% of the country's inhabitants identify their nationality precisely with the dominant religion of Georgia. This suggests that faith of the Georgian people today is an integral part of its existence.
Video about faith in Georgia
Video about faith in the life of the Georgian people.
Most Georgians - Orthodox Christians . In 2011, in Georgia adopted additions to the Civil Code, according to which citizens have equal rights to religion, regardless of the denomination. Since the country is multicultural and here are a variety of nations, such a law was needed. The population of the state for a long time is distinguished by a tolerant attitude to representatives of different religious flows.
The history of the formation of the main religion of Georgia
Christianity came to Georgia early - In 337 (there is a version that in 326) year. Since then, this is the main religion in the state. The harbingers of Christianity here became Wanderer-Apostle Andrey Promulous , which then began to be considered the founder and heavenly intercession of the Constantinople Orthodox Church. In the formation of religion, the Apostles Simon and Matthew also played an important role. The grave of the apostle Matthew is located in the territory of the Gonio-Apzaro Fortress (Batumi).
The key figure for Georgian Christianity was Holy Nino . Being a slave from Capadoki, she preached the Christian doctrine in the country. There is a case when she was a prayer healed a patient baby. The message about such a miracle reached the queen of Nana, who also sick. She called on Holy Nino, who gave recovery and her. Then the Queen decided to adopt Christianity.
In the 6th century in the cities and districts of Kartli, Alaverdi, Kakheti, Samtadvi, the Sejacia, and Nekrai, a number of monasteries founded by the Holy Fathers from Antioch were erected. This laid the foundation that Christianity spread throughout Georgia and reliably strengthened in it.
Georgian Orthodoxy was not deprived of tragic moments. The most terrifying case dates back to 1226, when the country has undergone The invasion of Khorezmshaha Jalaletdin. Having sought the local population and demanding to accept Islam from them, he ordered to fold all the icons on the bridge so that everyone who believes in Orthodoxy was desecrated.
However, people who are firm in their faith refused to fulfill the iso-order even under the fear of death. As a result, 100 thousand people were executed, including women, old people and children. All the victims of the terrible tragedy were subsequently ranked with the saints, their memory day falls on October 31.
Most of the people who profess Orthodoxy, honored Georgian Orthodox Church.
Another branch of Orthodoxy is represented by the Georgian Apostolic Autochetal Orthodox Church. Her head stands Patriarch - Catholicos. The emergence of this direction is closely related to the culture of the country, or rather, with the creation and development of writing (IRGVLOVA).
Catholicism is also widespread. Representatives of this group are parishioners Armenian Catholic and Roman Catholic Church. These are mostly residents of large cities, their number is approximately equal to two percent of all residents of the country.
According to the latest information, about Georgia live 250 thousand Armenians whose religion goes back to the ancient Eastern churches. Armenian Catholicos Garegin II, from time to time, set the question that warehouse services resumed in six Armenian temples (five are located in Tbilisi, and one in the south of the country). Patriarch Elijah II replies that such requirements can be submitted "only when the Georgian diocese in Armenia will receive the same status and several churches will be transferred in the north of Armenia."
Armenian temples in Georgia were repeatedly subjected to vandalism, and with the adoption of the 2011 law such cases only frequent.
Muslim penetrated into the country in the course of numerous invasions of Islamic and Arab troops (mainly in the XV-XVIII centuries). If, before these raids, the Muslim population formed only a minor layer, then after these events, their number has grown tangible and is now about 10%. Islam profess different nationalities, including Azerbaijanis, Adjirts and Lezgins. Within the state, 130 mosques are functioning, the absolute most of which are located in Kvemo Kartli (50 objects). The Muslim community is divided into two branches: Shiites and Sunnis.
In Tbilisi exists Unique mosque , preserved from Soviet times, in which representatives of both varieties pray together. In general, it is not so important, what faith you confess. Different religions coexist peacefully, as it has developed in the formation of history and culture. Here Vera is not just a word, but a lifestyle, and the main religious postulates, people embody in their lives and their affairs.
In many ways, the current confessions contribute to the cultural and architectural life of the state: churches, mosques, churches appear. Religious tolerance allows you to develop any religious culture from existing in the world. And religious shrines annually become the center of attraction for hundreds of thousands of travelers and pilgrims.
Protestantia came to the country with Germans Lutherans who began to settle in the country from 1817. 50 years after that moment of the former Molokanina, Nikita Voronina was crossed in Tiflis on the rite of Baptists. So he became the first Russian Baptist. Since 1904, Georgia has been operating in Georgia, and approximately in 1929 the first Pentecostal Church appeared.
At the moment, different sources estimate the number of Protestants and parishioners free not denominatory churches in the figure from 20 to 34 thousand people. The most large-scale groups among them are intensieties (12.3 thousand) and Baptists (10 thousand).
Once, one person bought Chiton Christ. He brought him home to his city Mtskhet. Then this hiton was in his hands at his sister, which then died from an excess of feelings. After death, Hiton was impossible to withdraw from the hands of a woman, because she squeezed him so hard. Therefore, I had to bury a woman with this shrine.
After some time, a big cedar rose on her grave, which was then cut down to build a church in his place. From this tree made a column. But it was not possible to install it on this place. To settle this situation just was able to only holy Nina with the help of his prayer. That is how the church was formed.
Very often, people ask such a question, which religion does Georgians profess? Who is actually Georgians Catholics or Orthodox? To answer the question, let's try to figure out what faith in Georgians, like when she appeared.
In 1337, all the Georgians became Orthodox
Georgia is a multicultural country, her story is saturated with great events, which affected culture and even religion. In 1337, Georgia adopted Christianity, and so far she is considered to be the Christian country.
Therefore, the answer to the question of which religion in Georgians will be Christianity. The most first chambers of Christianity in Georgia brought the wanderer Apostle Andrei wasporn. It was after that he began to be considered the founder and the heavenly patron of the Konstantinople Orthodox Church.
Also, at the base of the Christian faith, the apostles Simon and Matvey participated in Georgia.
In Batumi, the Matthew's grave is also located - one of the Apostles of the Christian faith.
There will also be no doubt, which religion are Georgians, when you hear the name of Holy Nina. What was it for the holy? And how is it involved in the Georgian Church?
Holy Nina led all Georgia to Christianity and God
Holy Nina was born in 280 in Cappadocia. They said that her father was a relative of the Great Martyr George. And her mother was the sister of the History of Jerusalem Patriarch. According to legend, Holy Nina went to India in order to find the Hiton of the Lord. Currently, Iberia is located in Georgia.
Once, Nina's teacher told that Chiton The Lord was postponed from Jerusalem to Mtzhetu. But the most important goal that the Most Holy Mother of God also laid on it was enlightened and faith. Faith is the first goal of the Mother of God.
Then Nina wanted to go to the country where Hiton Lord was located to find the Sidonian tomb. Sidoni's tomb was where Hiton Christ was buried. Nina really wanted to make him.
She also wanted to devote himself to preach the Gospel to all residents of Georgia. In his visions, the Lord was to the shrine and blessed her for this feat. The Most Holy Mother miraculously handed over a cross from a grape vine. What does this cross look like to be seen in the photo below.
Also during the Times of Holy Nina Roman Emperor Diocletian. Then Holy Nina and other girls of Christian fled. When they were already on the territory of Armenia, the king received a letter from the emperor, which was said about fuzzles. Also in this letter was mentioned one beautiful girl. When the king of Armenia found out about it, he decided to take possession of her. But, he received a refusal, for it he cuts all the virgins.
Surprisingly saved only one Holy Nina, and already alone, she decided to continue his feat of faith. It was after these events that the king of Armenia fell ill with severe nervous ailment.
In Ieria, Holy Nina heal people with their prayers
In Ieria, Holy Nina settled in one woman in the royal vineyards. Very soon learned about her everywhere. She assisted many terrible people.
When they learned about her help people, patients and chrome began to fluff. Calling the name of the Lord, Holy Nina heal them, and told them about God, who created the sky and the Earth. These sermons about Christ and miracles who performed the Holy Nina, her virtuous life, began to act on the inhabitants of Iberia. After that, many of the Georgians believed in the true God and adopted baptism.
Thus, the Holy Nina turned to Christ in Georgia and the king of Marianna. Before that, he was a pagan. At the same time, bishops and priests were caused from Constantinople, the first temple in the world in the name of the Holy Apostles was built. That time almost the entire empire adopted Christianity.
But the holy preferred more live in solitude. She continued to convert all idolatry into Christianity. She lived for many years on Mount, after which he decided to go to Kakheti. In Catech, she turned the Tsaritsa Sophia to Christianity.
January 14, 335.
Holy Nina died
After the death of Holy Nina, the king of Marian, once adopted Christianity, erected the temple in the name of the Great Martyr George. The Great Martyr George was a distant relative of the most Holy Nina. That is why Religion in Georgia is considered Orthodox, and this is the merit of the Holy Equal-Apostles Nina. It was she who at one time turned all the Georgians to Christianity.
In the 4th century, many temples in Georgia were built by the Holy Fathers from Antioch
It is also believed that in the 4th century in the Georgian cities and regions of Kartli, Kakheti, Alaverdi and Nekricov, several monasteries were rebuilt, which were formed by the Holy Fathers from Antioch. It was precisely this grain that was firmly fixed, and so Christianity spread throughout Georgia.
Therefore, we can accurately answer that the Georgian people in most cases are still contained by Orthodoxy. Orthodoxy throughout Georgia is considered long as the chosen state religion.
Many places in Georgia have an incredible and unusual history
Many religious attractions of Georgia itself can also be considered. There is a church in Georgia, which means "Lifely Pillar", it is located in the city of Mtskhete. This place is considered very unusual, as it has an incredible story.
It began with the fact that one person once bought Chiton Christ. He brought him home to his city Mtskhet. Then this hiton was in his hands at his sister, which then died from an excess of feelings.
After death, Hiton was impossible to withdraw from the hands of a woman, because she squeezed him so hard. Therefore, I had to bury a woman with this shrine. After some time, a big cedar rose on her grave, which was then cut down to build a church in his place. From this tree made a column. But I could not install it on this place, so she batted in the air all the time.
To settle this situation just was able to only holy Nina with the help of his prayer. That is how the church was formed.
There are also other religious sights of Georgia, which are scattered throughout the country. Also close to this church is the Temple of Jvari. It is believed that he stands on a hillone, at which, at one time, Holy Nina installed the first Christian cross from a grape vine. It is believed that this cross was associated with its own hair.
In Georgia, we are confessing religion Christianity, but there are other
Any Christianity leaks hard, Christians, as in any other country, were constantly persecuted. But it is worth thinking about what it is precisely in all the Georgia only Christianity? Unfortunately, of course, no.
The main religion of Georgia is Christianity, but there are many other attractions on its territory, which belong to other religious trends. These places include Muslim mosques, communities, Catholic churches and much more.
Since Christianity was still chosen by the official religion, the country's parliament adopted an amendment in the Code, which allowed equally to exist any religious flows and organizations that have official status.
For example, in Tbilisi there is an area called "five", that is, an area of 5 churches. Why did she name it? Because in one place there is an Orthodox church, the Armenian Church, a Catholic Cathedral, a synagogue and a mosque.
Georgians also relate to other religions, not only to Orthodoxy. In this place there are quite a few Muslims. Also here you can meet Abkhaz and Georgians, the southern and southwestern regions, which are confessing Islam.
After that, in the composition of believers in Georgia, it was distributed in this way:
Georgia's population confess to Orthodoxy
Orthodoxy is 65% of the total population of Georgia;
Catholicism takes 2%;
Islam takes 10%;
and here, Judaism , atheism And other flows occupy the remaining part.
As we see, the religious history of Georgia is full of very interesting and amazing events that deserve attention. Anyone who wants to visit Georgia in its holy places can spend a great time. It will be interesting not only to representatives of the Christian course, but also people who profess completely different religions.
Religion of Georgia
The issue of religion in each country is a very subtle and acute thing, since almost everywhere there are dissent, the opinion of which does not converge with the opinion of the majority of the population. In this regard, Georgia does not stand out against the rest of the rest, although the lion's share of Georgians is Orthodox Christians. But be that as it may, many different peoples lived in this territory, and at the moment, Muslims, Orthodox and people of other religious beliefs live within the boundaries of one country.
How it all began
Christianity, as such, the territory of modern Georgia came in 337 of our era, although there are sources where the date of 326 is mentioned. The "culprit" of her arrival is called the Apostle Andrei First-Called, but also its foundation here built apostles Matthew and Simon. And the fortification of faith in the people was engaged in Holy Nina (Nino), thanks to which Orthodoxy and became the national faith. But about almost three centuries, a clear vector of religious development among all the segments of the population was not. Nevertheless, as many sources describe, Andrey is the first called, with the face of the Holy Virgin in his hands, resurrected to the dead man, which forced people to believe due to Orthodox Christianity.
Only in the 6th century, the monasteries were gradually began to be built, which was allowed to develop more actively to develop specifically taken areas and to convey their essence to people. Gradually, all this turned into mass recognition of Orthodoxy, and at present the lion's share of the population is its supporters. Of course, as it often happened in history, initially believers felt all the difficulties of adopting a new faith, since the persecution was terrible. But the result was still positive.
As mentioned a little higher, most of Georgia (from 65% of the population) are Orthodox people, the non-mea, there was a place for other religions, namely:
About 3% of the population go to the Russian Orthodox Church;
Up to 5% of the population are visited by the Armenian Apostolic Church;
And approximately 1.5% of people walk to the Roman - Catholic Church.
But it should be noted that residents of the South-West of the country are confessing Muslim, it is up to 10% of the total number of people living there (Sunni and). Azerbaijanis and Abkhaza are also Muslims, but the Greeks and Armenians with the Russians even have their own churches in Georgia. Of course, there was a place here for both Catholics (2% of the population) and for Protestants, but there are very few of them. Judaism and atheism takes place, but in minimal quantity.
How all the mercy at the state level
If any attempts earlier, any attempts to express their desire to be the Orthodox was strongly punished, now the situation in the country has changed very much. In 2011, at the state level, a law was adopted, which allowed any religious denominations, to obtain the right to act as a legal entity. From this point on, the Georgian Church no longer had a dominant position over everyone else, and religion in the country became really free.
What is the most interesting, the biggest holidays of a religious nature at the moment are even accompanied by the pardon of prisoners, so this is one of the cases when the government of the country has been able to create a collaboration between the law and faith, giving the opportunity to seek his guilt in churches and independently .
The main religious holidays, really large, in the country of only 4:
Christmas of Christ (January 7);
The Assumption of the Virgin (August 28);
St. George's Day (November 23);
Svetitskovoba (October 14).
But besides them, there are others who are considered rather large:
January 19 celebrated the Day of Holy Epiphany - Baptism;
On May 12, the Day of St. Andrew the First Called, which was described a little higher, played a key role in the formation of faith in Georgia.
By the way, the percentage of the population that really visits the temples and the churches is very large, and if we compare Georgia with Russia and Ukraine, then people can be safely called pious. Perhaps that is why the locals are so hospitable and kind.
Holy places, churches and temples
At the moment, dozens of very ancients are preserved in Georgia, as well as medieval religious facilities. It is approximately (the largest and most popular):
36 churches and cathedrals;
More than 30 objects of ancient ruins;
More than 40 historical and architectural attractions.
In order to get closer to get acquainted with the religious component of the country, at least the most famous monasteries and churches, which reflect all their historical importance will be reasonably visible.
Best Places to Visit
For intellectual and spiritual enrichment, it is worth going to the following places:
Bodbian monastery (2 kilometers from the signal). Just here are the power of equivalent Nino, which brought an invaluable contribution to the development of Orthodoxy in Georgia. This place is very picturesque in the summer period of time, beautiful design and rich spiritual heritage - the atmosphere here is incredible;
Patriarch Cathedral of Svetitskhoveli (city of Mtskheta). He is considered one of the most important spiritual centers of the country. He is in the UNESCO World Heritage List, and the built-up was still in the IV century. There is information that the Cathedral is kept by Hiton Jesus;
Monastery Samtavro (territory of the city of Mtskheta). In the monastery there are unique ornaments that cannot be found anymore in any of the temples of Georgia. In addition, the samtavro is the location of the whole series of shrines, ranging from special icons, ending with the grave of the Tsaritsa Nana;
Cathedral of Sion (Tbilisi). One of the two main councils of Orthodoxy in the country. They built it in the VI century, but have already been restored many times due to destruction. The most important attribute is the Cross of Holy Nino. In the Scriptures it is indicated that he was presented by the Mother of God. The cathedral is large enough and beautifully decorated, so that tourists will look at what;
Djvari Monastery (not far from Mtskheta). It is also in the UNESCO list, and to all of the time, the architecture of the building is one of the most unusual in the whole country. The vintage halls and the monastery itself will give the opportunity to feel all the atmosphericness of this majestic place;
Church of Ertacminda (located near the village of the same name). On the walls of the construction, plots from the life of the saints, in the format of frescoes, are universally depicted. The church was repeatedly destroyed, but, nevertheless, it was restored and retained to our time.
In addition to these places, it is necessary to go to:
Women's monastery Ahali Shuump;
Temple of Metech;
Cathedral of the Mother Mother of God and others.
For those who are interested in, Georgia can become a real find, since very old monasteries and churches are an incredible amount here. And the most important thing is that at the moment the state is committed to absolute tolerance to any religion, because nations live a lot and forcing anyone else to force anyone for anything specifically for something.
In contact with
In 2011, in Georgia adopted add-ons to the Civil Code establishing uniform rights to the religion of all religious denominations. This decision was made, because Georgia is a multicultural country with a rich cultural and religious history. For many centuries, the people of this country are one of the most tolerant to representatives of all religious communities.
Georgia is a European country located in Western Transcaucasia on the Black Sea (Eastern Coast).
Christian religion in Georgia
The adoption of Christianity in the history of Georgia dated 337. Historical sources suggest that the Christian religion to this country brought the wanderer Andrei Reference. He preached in many major cities, carrying with him the delicious image of the Virgin. These events laid the formation of the concept of what faith prevails in Georgia at the moment.
The Christian faith stood and strengthened its rights among Georgians even during periods of aggressive conquest activities from the Arabs, Turks, Persians, arising their religion to the Orthodox country. Over the entire period from IV in the XIX (until joining the Russian Empire), not only defended its rights to the Orthodox faith, but also led as part of this active educational activities. Monasteries and churches were built that in that period of history responded as educational centers leading theological, scientific activities. At the end of the 1917 revolution, the Georgian Church was recognized as independent.
History of Georgian Orthodox Christianity
In the history of Georgian Orthodox Christianity there is a place of tragic history of mass self-sacrifice in the name of faith. In 1226, the Khorezmsh Jalaletdin invaded the territory of Georgia. Suppressing the faith of local residents, declining them to Islam, - he ordered to lay out all the icons on the bridge, after which believers in Orthodoxy had to defile them. 100 thousand people were executed on the bridge for refusing to fulfill the order. Among them were women, there were no antiquities for old men or children. The act of these people is revered in Georgia so far, their memory is honored on October 31 and they are all counted for the faces of the saints.
Another mass killing of Christians on the soil of faith in 1386. was committed by the troops of Tamerlan. The nuns were fully exterminated in the Kwabatayevsky monastery. The same take into account, but already by the fault of Abbas, expected 6,000 monks killed in David-Garezhi monastery in 1616.
Georgian Christianity in the modern state
Georgian Apostolic Autochetal Orthodox Church - a community representative. This organization is headed by Patriarch - Catholicos. The history of this religion is inextricably linked with the culture of the country, namely: the creation and development of writing (IRGVlovani).
In 2001 The government and the church signed an agreement, it features the advantages of the Orthodox Church, as official, before other confessions. But the addition to the Constitution in 2011 winched all the country's religions.
Armenian Church in Georgia
On the territory of Georgia, the Armenian Church is widely represented as one of the largest confessions. The Armenian Apostolic Church is considered to be Orthodox, but not in the generally accepted sense of this concept. Believers confess the monophysitism, which contradicts the traditional division of the Orthodox Church to the Eastern and Byzantine-Slavic. According to the latest research, more than 250 thousand Armenians living in Georgia are confessing monophysitism.
The confession of Armenia and the Armenian Church are represented by 650 religious structures in Georgia.
Catholicism in Georgia
One of the common religions in Georgia is Catholicism, which is confessing Catholics. This group includes believers of the Armenian Catholic Church and Roman Catholic. Most often, representatives of the denomination inhabit major cities and make up approximately two percent of the total number of residents.
Islam in Georgia
Muslim appeared in a number of denominations, including due to the large number of invasions into the territory of Islamic states and Arabs and Arab troops (mainly in the XV-XVIII century). The effects of invasions include an increase in the population of the profession of Muslim. Muslims make up about 10% of all residents. Islam is represented by many nationalities: Azerbaijanis, Adjarts, Lezgins and many others. In total, there are 130 registered mosques in the country. In Kvemo Kartli, there are most of them - 50. The Muslim community is divided into two parts - Shiites and Sunnites.
In Tbilisi, since the USSR, a unique mosque has been preserved, in which Shiites and Sunnites pray together.
In this country, it does not matter what faith you relate. Many religions peacefully get alongside each other because of the influence of historical and cultural factors. Confessioners - recognition by the word and the case of their religious principles is characteristic of the local people. The denominations operating on Georgia make such a special flavor of this country, decorating the majestic structures of its city - mosque, churches, Catholic churches. Tolerance in religious issues in this country makes it possible to develop religious cultures of all world religions. The existing religious monuments and shrines attract hundreds of thousands of tourists and pilgrims every year.
Good day to all, today we will find out what faith Georgians follow.
So, like all the peoples of the world, Georgians were originally pagans. About Georgian paganism is little known. Since it has already changed from the neighboring Roman Empire and Armenia in the IV century, with Holy Nino Christian faith.
Today, most Georgians follow exactly Orthodox Christianity. Georgians were able to stay (mostly) Orthodox, even being in a complete Islamic environment for almost a thousand years.
Today, Georgians can be attributed to one of the most believing Christian peoples of the world. Temples are always full of believers, and the words of Patriarch Ilia II listen to the whole country.
I note that despite the complexity of modern Russian-Georgian relations, Russian and Georgian Orthodox churches are trying to find a common language between states. For what honor and praise.
Catholicism in Georgia appeared in the times of crusades - along with francs crusaders. Those the most desperate guys that side by side with Georgians and Kipiemki beat against the Seljuk Turkings on the Didgore field (1121 of our era).
By the XVIII century, the Catholic Christian faith in Georgia was so increased that King Teymraz even arranged a persecution on her missionaries and priests. Now in Georgia, about 100 thousand Catholics (including Georgians and Armenians following their own Armenian Catholic Church with services on Grabar - Starokarmian language).
Muslim faith (Sunni and Shiiteki) follows some subethtones Georgians.
Georgians-Adjarts I waslam during the Turkish domination in the XVI-XIX centuries. True, many of the Georgian-Adjarts in the 90s switched to Orthodoxy.
Georgians-Ferdanians Living in Iran's descendants deported to the Persian region of Feredidan Karvelov still in the XVI century. True, they say, many of the Georgian Feroanians are hidden Christians.
Georgians-Inhilaytsy - Partially. This is a small community living in the province of Sainhalo at the junction of Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Georgians lazy . This is a special carvela ethnos, related to Georgians-Megrelam. Lases live in East Turkey and in Adjara (several border villages).
Georgian huts have some ancient semi-speaking cults.
For example, at the Swam you can watch the famous flare procession of the lambror (in the photo).
Hevsur and Tushin have high in the mountains still have their own Jarvari sanctuary, decorated with horns and animal turtles. Access to these sanctoes, by the way, is prohibited by women.